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31/12/2013

Get to know The History of Temple Fair in Ciqikou Ancient Town

The History of Temple Fair in Ciqikou – Brief Introduction

During the Chinese Spring Festival, temple fair holds in Ciqikou Ancient Town affordable China travel packages which is the busiest place of Chongqing municipality. During the Spring Festival of 2000, 2001 and 2002, the number of tourists coming here exceeded one million and the spectacular event was broadcast on CCTV at prime time in a succession of the three years.

The History of Temple Fair in Ciqikou - Origin

The early temple fair was a pious religious activity, which probably came into being in Eastern Han Dynasty and developed in North and South Dynasties. Then temple fair reached the most prosperous time in Tang Dynasty. At that time, Buddhism was just spread into China, while Taoism has been believed by ordinary people.

In order to advance quickly and improve the influence in public, the two religions often held some ceremonies to accept more believers. Sometimes, they would add some performances such as dancing, opera, martial arts or music to their activities. According to document record, there was a spectacular event on the Buddha's birthday in the capital of Northern Wei Dynasty (AD. 472-499). There were more than 1,000 statues of Buddha putting on the float and theatrical troupe walking behind the float. This kind of ceremony was considered as the origin of temple fair top 10 China tour packages.

The History of Temple Fair in Ciqikou – Content

At the same time, there were some organized celebration activities of worship held in the Buddhism temples or Taoism temples while the two religions held activities too. Therefore the temple fair was not only a place for religious sacrifices, but for entertainment. A large number of people gathered here, which brought about tremendous commercial opportunities. Later many shops and trade activities became a part of the temple fair so that temple fair is also called "Temple Market" popular China tour package.

The History of Temple Fair in Ciqikou – Development

Temple fair was held in different time and different place according to various folk customs such as different Buddha adoring.

The temple fair in Ciqikou Ancient Town in Chongqing Yangtze River tour traditionally held from the first day to the 15th day of the first month in lunar calendar. During the time of temple fair, Ciqikou Ancient Town would be the busiest place with a lot of people various amusements. Tourists can appreciate storytelling or Sichuan opera in teahouses or worship Buddha in Buddha temple. There are full of other Chinese traditional amusements such as taking sedan chairs and making the sugar shape (make different shapes with sugar for eating), and other performances like dragon playing and lion dancing. You won't miss it when you go to Ciqikou Ancient Town.

08:09 Publié dans Voyage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)

30/12/2013

China historical journey to Ramoche Temple

A Brief Introduction to Ramoche Temple

The Ramoche Temple is located 500 meters north from the Jokhang Temple China travel deals and in the northwest of the Tibetan capital-Lhasa. It is the key cultural relic protection unit of the Tibet Autonomous Region. The Ramoche Temple was built in the Tang Dynasty which was in the same period with the Jokhang Temple. It covers an area of 4,000 square meters.

Legend of the Ramoche Temple

As to the construction of the Ramoche Temple, there is a famous legend. It is said that when the Princess of the Tang Dynasty-Wencheng was about to marry Songsten Gampo in 641, she asked her father-the emperor Daizong of Tang Dynasty to send her a statue of the Sakyamuni as the dowry. Emperor Daizong agreed. So Princess Wencheng went to Tibet taking the statue of 12 years old Sakyamuni with her.

When she passed the site of today's Ramoche Temple, her wooden vehicle was stuck in the sandy land. Therefore, Princess Wencheng decided to enshrine the statue of this Sakyamuni in this place and then she built the Ramoche Temple.

History of the Ramoche Temple

In 641 A.D, the Princess Wencheng of Tang Dynasty in Chang'an (now Xian Silk Road tour) got married with Songsten Gampo-the leader of the Tubo Kingdom in Tibet. She brought a statue of the 12 years old Sakyamuni and some Han craftsmen with her. She missed her home in Chang'an very much and was at first not adaptive to the life in Tibet. So she ordered the craftsmen to build the Ramoche Temple in Han style. The temple faced east-the direction of her home Chang'an, thus expressing her homesickness. And the statue of the 12 years old Sakyamuni was enshrined in the Ramoche Temple.

Later, the leader of Tubo was concerned with rumors that Tang emperor was considering to invade Tibet. To protect the statue, Princess Wencheng hid the statue of the 12 years old Sakyamuni in a secret chamber of the Jokhang Temple.

In 712, after the Princess Jincheng of Tang Dynasty was married to another leader of the Tubo regime, she moved the statue of 12 years old Sakyamuni to the central hall of the Jokhang Temple. On the other hand, the statue of the 8 years old Sakyamuni-a small bronze statue brought to Tibet by the Nepalese princess-Bhrikuti, was enshrined in the Rachome Temple.

During the Mongol invasions, the Ramoche Temple was badly damaged by fire and the present building in the temple was actually constructed in 1474. Soon after that, the Ramoche Temple became the Assembly Hall of the Gyuto Tratsang or upper Tantric College of Lhasa and was home to 500 monks.

Attractions in the Ramoche Temple

The Ramoche Temple best tours of China went through several fires and has been restored many times. After the major restoration of 1986, the main building in the Ramoche Temple now has three stories.

The first story includes an atrium, a scripture hall, and a Buddha palace with winding corridors. On the right of the atrium is a room for restoring the musical instruments used in a Buddhist mass, and on the left of the atrium is a side hall. There are four columns with exquisite engravings of the pattern of lotus flowers, coiling cloud, dragons and lions in the middle of the atrium. Behind the atrium is the scripture hall which is three rooms wide and seven rooms long with 30 columns. In the hindmost of the first floor is the Buddha palace covering an area of 23.5 square meters with two columns. In this palace enshrined the statues and clay figures brought by the Nepalese princess-Bhrikuti.

The second floor is mainly residential with a patio. Behind the patio is a hall with an image of Buddha as King of the Nagas.

The third story of the Ramoche Temple contained the bedroom once reserved for Dalai Lama There are altogether 6 rooms on the third story for Dalai Lamas. Behind these rooms is the Jinding (golden roof) Palace with the gate facing the east, covering an area of 54.5 square meters. The Jinding (golden roof) Palace is with a typical Han-style roof and typical Tibetan-style murals and columns, reflecting the perfect combination of Han and Tibetan architectural styles.

Cultural Relics in the Ramoche Temple

Entering the main building, visitors can see the ten large fluted pillars holding some of the remaining Tibetan relics such as the encased lotus flowers, coiling cloud, jewelry, and particular Tibetan Characters. One of the precious relics is the a bronze Bodhisattva which is 1.32 meters high dressed with coronet, and its foundation is 0.68 meter high. Another bronze statue is a Padmasambhava with a height of 1.55 meters dressed in cassock, sitting on a lotus throne. Its foundation is 0.03 meter high and 0.14 meter wide. The bronze statue of a maid is also very famous with a height of 1.33 meters, holding a vase. Its foundation is 0.17 meter high in the shape of semi-circle. Of course, the most famous relic is the statue of the 8 years old Sakyamuni.

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08:05 Publié dans Voyage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)

27/12/2013

What is Heated Kang?

Heated Kang is a kind of common heating equipment in the residence of northern China and the Manchu also introduced it into the imperial palace. The Shengjing Imperial Palace affordable China travel packages is mostly equipped with heated Kang even with several in one room which not only serves as the warm bed for sleeping and seating but also keeps the room warm by heat emanation.

The traditional residence of the Guandong Manchu in the past was always the "pocket" type house with its door facing east but not in the center. The room near the door was the kitchen, the eastern rooms were connected together by two or three and the heated Kang in South-North direction is as long as the room, which was commonly known as "connected two-Kang" or "connected three-Kang". Since the Kang was used for sleeping and sitting, it was more than five chi wide and was also known as the "North-South Kang" or "opposite Kang". The west Kang in the opposite was narrower and it was used for placing items. The open space between Kang was called "house floor". In fact, most of the indoor space was occupied by Kang, so people's indoor living was mainly on the Kang. When a guest came, the host would invite him to sit down on the Kang, people there had meals, read or wrote on the Kang, and children also played on the Kang. See more at popular China tour package

Wanzi Kang (South-North connecting Kang) is closely related to the civil customs in northeastern region. The large family in the past when several generations lived together, the elders always lived in the south Kang which is quite warm for facing toward the sun. Its warmest "Kang head" place (the side close to the stove connected with the Kang) was for the host with the highest seniority or the honored guest and the north Kang was for the sleeping and sitting of the juniors of the family or for drying food. West Kang was usually not for people to live. In the Manchu Nationality China guide, West Kang was a special place because the center of the west wall was the place for worshipping the "memorial tablets" (spirit tablet), so only sacrificial utensils and sacrifices could be placed at the west Kang. Other sundries could not be placed here and the arbitrary trampling, sitting or sleeping was forbidden.

The main function of the heated Kang was to make the house warm. Since the Kang was heated by the cooking stove, once cooking food or water, the Kang would keep warm. For protecting from the cold winter, some people built the flue underground which was known as "heat floor" or "underground Kang". In the particularly cold winter, the room temperature can be increased by adding more fire in the stove. In the outside, it was cold and freezing while inside, it was as warm as the spring with the Kang and the floor emanating heat successively.

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03:44 Publié dans Voyage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)