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31/03/2014

Religious Sanctuaries in Guangzhou II

Haizhuang Temple

The Haizhuang Temple in the Haizhuang Park between Middle Nanhua Road and Middle Tongfu Road was one of the four greatest Buddhist temples in Guangzhou during the Qing Dynasty (Others are Guangxiao Temple, Huanlin Temple and Liurong Temple popular China tour package.). The banyan trees of several hundreds years old are still flourishing in the park, giving huge stretches of shade. One of the wonders of the temple is an “eagle’s claw” tree from the Ming Dynasty. It still has a profusion of branches with lush leaves. In 1951 a rock named “Tiger Turning Its Head” was moved here from the Wu Family Garden. In 1993 the Hall of Heavenly Kings, Hall of Pagoda and the Pond for Freeing Captive Animals were restored.

Religious Sanctuaries in Guangzhou - Haizhuang Temple

Temple of the Five Immortals (Wuxian Temple)

The Temple of the Five Immortals (Wuxian Temple top China tours) on West Huifu Road in Yuexiu District was built during the Tang Dynasty to worship five immortals. Legend has it that five immortals descended from heaven on five rams to the area of present Guangzhou, presented rice ears to the local habitants and blessed them with eternal abundance of rice to eat. Then they rode on the wind back to heaven. Their rams turned into stone. Thus Guangzhou is also called Ram City and Rice-ear City. Local people built the Taoist temple in memory of the five immortals and sculpted statues of them riding on rams.

Religious Sanctuaries in Guangzhou - Temple of the Five Immortals (Wuxian Temple)

Sanyuan Palace

Sanyuan Palace on the southern slope of Yuexiu Mountain is a famous Taoist temple in Guangzhou. Its predecessor, the Yuegang Academy, was built in A.D. 319 during the Eastern Jin Dynasty. It was renamed Sanyuan Palace during the Ming Dynasty. The temple has preserved eight stone inscriptions about its repairs during the Qing Dynasty. The temple holds the popular Taoist events of Shangyuandan, Zhongyuandan and Xiayuandan. The Guangzhou Taoist Association has its office in this temple.

Religious Sanctuaries in Guangzhou - Sanyuan Palace

Guangzhou Wong Tai Sin Temple

This temple on Huadi Avenue was built in 1899, destroyed in a war and rebuilt in 1997. This grand temple bears an integral atmosphere of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism.

Religious Sanctuaries in Guangzhou - Guangzhou Wong Tai Sin Temple

Renwei Temple

The Taoist temple on Renweimiao Street northeast of Liwan Lake affordable China travel packages in the western part of Guangzhou was built in 1052 to honor Xuan Wu, also called Emperor Zhenwu – Truly Martial Grand Emperor. Decorative carvings on the buildings in this temple represent the highest level of the architectural art in the Lingnan Region. It was once acclaimed as “Hall of Osmanthus and Palace of Orchid”.

Religious Sanctuaries in Guangzhou - Renwei Temple

Huaisheng Mosque

The mosque on Guangta Road is also called Guangta Mosque because it has the Guangta Pagoda in its compound. It is one of the first mosques built in China after Islamism was introduced to China in the 7th century. The round Guangta Pagoda is 36 meters high. Its sharp spire shows the unique Arabic architectural style. Within the mosque there is the elder’s office, the depository, the service hall and a bathroom. Muslims come to attend services on Friday and Islamic holidays.

Religious Sanctuaries in Guangzhou - Huaisheng Mosque

Cathedral of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Stone House)

The Cathedral of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Shengxin Cathedral) is located on Middle Yide Road. This famous Catholic church in Guangzhou travel to China is the largest Gothic building of stone with double painted towers. Its construction began in 1863 during the Qing Dynasty. It is also known as Stone House by locals because the main part of the building is laid with blocks of granite. The lofty tower, the giant spire, arched roof and laced windows present an exotic sight in Guangzhou.

Religious Sanctuaries in Guangzhou - Cathedral of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Stone House)

Religious Sanctuaries in Guangzhou I

Hualin Temple

 

The Hualin Temple on Hualinsi Street best tours of China off Shangxiajiu Road in Liwan District has a particular meaning to Guangzho. During the Liang Dynasty, Bodhidharma, a prominent Buddhist monk from India, landed in the area of present Shangxiajiu Road. He built a thatched hut to propagate the Buddhist Zen Sect in China. People later called the hut “Temple from the West”. Propagation of the Buddhist Zen Sect in this temple continued through the Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties. In the early Qing Dynasty, Monk Zongfu collected funds and built the Mahavira Hall in 1655 and later other structures in the temple. Abbot Zhiyuan built a hall to house statues of 500 arhats at the order of the emperor. The Hall of the 500 Arhats is 31 meters wide and 44 meters long with a total area of 1,364 square meters. Except the 500 clay statues of arhats in the hall, there are also the statues of the “Buddhas of the Three Words” – Medicine Buddha, Gautama Buddha(Shakyamuni) and Amitabha Buddha.

Religious Sanctuaries in Guangzhou - Hualin Temple (Guangzhou)

Guangxiao Temple

Guangxiao Temple affordable China tours on Guangxiao Road is the oldest and largest Buddhist sanctuary in the Lingnan Region. The temple has a long history. A common saying goes: “First there was the Guangxiao Temple and then came Guangzhou”. The historical sites in the temple include the Mahavira Hall built in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, the 1,000-Buddha Iron Pagoda built in the Southern Han Dynasty, the Hall of the Sixth Patriarch and the Hall of Sleeping Buddha built in the Song and Ming dynasties. There are also ancient stone inscriptions, Buddha statues, Buddhist paintings and other rare Buddhist relics.

Religious Sanctuaries in Guangzhou - Guangxiao Temple (Guangzhou)

Temple of the Six Banyan Trees (Liurong Temple)

The Temple of the Six Banyan Trees (Liurong Temple) on Liurong Road, originally built 1,400 years ago in A.D. 537, is one of the four greatest Buddhist temples in Guangzhou. It has preserved many Buddhist cultural relics through its long history. The 57.6-meter-high Liurong Pagoda, formerly known as Dagoba, is famous in Guangzhou for its height. To its east is the temple’s front gate, the Hall of Maitreya, the Hall of Heavenly Kings and the Hall of Skanda. To the west of the pagoda is the Mahavira Hall with three giant brass statues of Buddha cast in 1663 during the Qing Dynasty. They are the largest brass statues from ancient times still in existence in Guangdong Province popular China tour package.

Religious Sanctuaries in Guangzhou - Temple of the Six Banyan Trees (Liurong Temple)

Enshrined in the Hall of the Sixth Patriarch in the Banyan Shade Garden is a brass statue of Monk Huineng, the Sixth Patriarch of the Buddhist Zen Sect. The seated statue, cast in A.D. 989 with a height of 1.8 meters and weighing about 1 ton, has a solemn and life-like look with the eyes closed. Luxuriant banyan trees give a large stretch of shade in front of the hall. more at chinatour.com like Hong Kong tour

28/03/2014

Silk Road: the Most Well-Known Trading Route of Ancient Chinese Civilization

More than 2,000 years ago, Chinese and foreign business people left from the ancient city Chang’an (today’s Xi’an Xian travel guide) and sent large numbers of Chinese silk to central and western Asia and countries along the eastern Mediterranean, creating a famous route which crisscrosses the European and Asian Continent with a total length of more than 7,000 kilometers. Later, it was named the “Silk Road” by Ferdinand von Richthofen, an eminent German geographer.

The Silk Road gets its name from Chinese silk trade, a major reason for the connection of trade routes into an extensive transcontinental network. China is the earliest country of sericiculture and filature. From the 138 BC to 119 BC, Zhang Qian, an imperial envoy of West Han Dynasty, opened up this ancient route. He led a delegation with silk and gold to reach the areas in Xinjiang, including Loulan, Kashgar, Hetian and Valley of Yili River, etc. His vice-envoy also reached Iran and India. The countries in these areas also sent envoys to China. The technologies of papermaking and printing, Great Inventions of Ancient China, were introduced into Arabian countries along the Silk Road . In fact, Buddhism spread to China from India because of trade along the Silk Road, similar to the way Islam spread along trans-Saharan routes in medieval West Africa.

The Silk Road, connecting ancient Chinese culture, Indian culture, Persian culture, Arab culture, ancient Greek culture and culture of ancient Rome, has played an important role in promoting east-west cultural exchanges and in enhancing China’s exchanges and friendships with foreign countries. The Silk Road has become one of the most famous tourist route.

The Silk Road stretches more than 4,000 kilometers within China, mainly passing through Shaanxi and Gansu provinces and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Silk Road tour. Along the Silk Road, there is a vast land teeming with cultural relics and historical sites, as well as enchanting natural landscapes and strong and colorful national flavor.

Xi’an, a starting point of the Silk Road, is a must place if you want to visit the Silk Road. It is the right place for the exchange and gathering of eastern and western cultures of all ages, and the place where innumerable historical sites and rare cultural relics were left. In the western suburbs of Xi’an is erected a group of large Silk Road camel sculptures. Stretching 51 meters long, the camels are carved out of red granite. They are the longest stone sculptures in China. More than 1,000 years ago this spot was the western gate of Chang’an, the capital of the Tang Dynasty. Historical records show that it was the starting point of the Silk Road. Whether camel merchant teams loaded with silks for faraway countries or Persian merchants, they all must pass here. Starting from here and going west along the Silk Road, you can see the ruins of Chang’an City of Han Dynasty, the Maoling Mausoleum, the Tomb of Concubine Yang, the Qianling Mausoleum, the Famen Temple affordable China tours, and other historical sites.

Out from the Shaanxi boundary and further to the west, the Silk Road crisscrosses the Hexi Corridor in Gansu Province and the Tarim Basin in Xinjiang. Along the road, you can visit the Jiayuguan Pass-the first pass at the west end of the Great Wall of China, the Mogao Caves or Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang (also known as Thousand Buddha Cave)-one of three noted grottoes in China and also the largest, best preserved and richest treasure house of Buddhist art in the world, the Ancient City of Gaochang- one of the best-preserved ruins of the ancient cities in China, the Heavenly Lake of Tian Shan (Tianchi)- an alpine drift lake shaped in the Quaternary Glacier period, and other famous scenic spots. You can enjoy ethnic groups’ unique customs and flavor in the western regions, as well as the enchanting scenery and vast grassland, desert and snow peaks.

Travel Tips:

There are large temperature difference between day and night in the northwest areas, such as Xinjiang and Gansu. You had better bring a spare coat or sweater with you.

At some tourist sites, such as Heavenly Lake, Nanshan Pasturage, and Mingsha Mountain (Singing-Sand Mountain), etc., you may need to ride horse and camel. So, a pair of proper shoes is quite important.

The temperature of northwest area is lower than the hinterland, and many areas are high in altitude. Remember to prepare some sunscreens and medicines.

Xinjiang is a minority region, with strong religious consciousness. The Muslim does not eat pork, which is the biggest taboo in their life. Do not bring or discuss the topic of pig, to avoid any misunderstanding.

more at chinatour.com like Hong Kong tour packages

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