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23/01/2015

Lake Manasarovar - Holy Lake for Buddhists, Hindus, Jain

Lake Manasarovar is relatively round in shape with the circumference of 88 kilometres. Its depth reaches a maximum depth of 90 m and its surface area is 320 square kilometres. It is connected to nearby Lake Rakshastal by the natural Ganga Chhu channel. Manasarovar is near the source of the Sutlej River which is the easternmost large tributary of the Indus. Nearby are the sources of the Brahmaputra River, the Indus River, and the Karnali River (Ghaghara), an important tributary of the Ganges River Yangtze River tour.

Lake Manasarovar lies 20 km southeast of Mt Kailash and is north to Namnani Peak. It is the highest freshwater lake in the world. With an altitude of 4,588 meters, the lake covers an area of 412 sq. km and has a maximum depth of 70 meters.

Manasarovar in Tibetan means the “eternal and invincible jade lake,” named to mark the victory of Buddhism over the local Bon Religion in the 11tth century. Xuan Zang (600-664), an eminent monk of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), described Lake Manasarovar in his book Records of Western Travels as “a jade pond in west”.

Manasarovar enjoys a reputation equal to the holy mountain. Lake Manasarovar once appeared in many religious records and legends. Indian legend claims it to be a place where Siva and his wife Goddess Woma, daughter of the Himalayas, bathed. Tibetan legend claims it to be where the God Guangcanlong lived. In Buddhist scriptures, the lake is named the “mother of the rivers in the world”.

There used to be nine monasteries surrounding the lake. Gyiwu Monastery and Curgu Monastery Tibet tour are the best known of them.

The area surrounding Curgu Monastery is respected as a holy and pure bathing place. Buddhist followers believe that the water here can wash away “five malignancies of the human soul (greed, anger, craziness, sloth and jealousy)” and can remove filth from human skin. As a result, the holy lake is crowded with people who come to take a bath every year. These people also carry samples of water from the holy lake back home for their relatives and friends.

The Main Attractions:
There are four bathing gates in the holy lake: the Gate of Lotus Baths in the east, the Gate of Sweat Baths China travel service in the south, the Gate of Filth-Removing Baths in the west, and the Gate of Belief Baths in the north. The holy lake also has four water heads: Maquanhe River in the east, Shiquanhe River in the north, Xiangquanhe River in the west, and the Peacock (Kongquehe in Chinese) River in the south. Lake Manasarovar’s reputation as mother of the rivers in the world was probably thus established.

The historic quotation:
As is recorded in Gangdise Records, the Tibetan ancient book, there was a dragon palace in Lake Manasarovar, where numerous treasures were gathered. If the pilgrims circumambulate the lake or if they get a small fish, a small stone, or a piece of feather of the bird, they get largess from the Dragon King (the sea and rain god in Chinese mythology). Buddhist followers believe that water here can wash away “five malignancies of the human soul” and can remove filth from human skin and purify the soul. It is also a holy place in Hinduism.

tags: Holidays in China

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