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03/04/2015

Learn the history of Guo State in China

In 655 BC, Guo State was wiped out by the Jin vassal state.

The cemetery of the Guo State was in today's Shang Cunling town China tour deals. It is a large public cemetery from the period of the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and Autumn period. Its discovery and excavation provided a window into the mystery of the ancient Guo State.

Tracing royalty - the tomb sites of King Guoji
This 400 meters exhibition hall displays King Guoji's tomb, three retainers' tombs, and two buried horse pits. Guoji's tomb is 5.3 meters long, 5.5 meters wide and 12 meters deep. The coffin is wooden and Guoji wears a jade-decorated veil, jade ware on his chest, jade stones on his hands and toes, and jade in his mouth. He lies on his back, with his head facing north and his hands on his chest. This is the only tomb of the Western Zhou Dynasty or the Spring and Autumn Period found yet.

This tomb was made in the late years of XuanWang of the Zhou Dynasty, which was about 2800 years ago. The buried articles are rather rich, adding up to 5,293 pieces of bronze, gold, jade, stone, carnelian, bone, pottery horn, tooth, clam, leather, wood, bamboo, linen, silk and more. The quantity is huge; the style is unique; the handicraft is delicate. Most of them are peculiar and rare and filled in the blanks of the archaeological research of Western Zhou Dynasty, such as "the first sword of china", "the jade-decorated veil (Zhuiyumingmu)" and "Jade wear with seven semi-circulars" and "golden belt with 12 golden pieces." Thus, it was rated as "one of the ten archaeological discoveries of the country" of 1990.

Picking up the Best of Treasures of Guo State - The display for its unearthed cultural relics
This hall exhibits the tombs of two emperors, one empress and a prince, and other delicate cultural relics China tour packages, which has been found in the Zhao area since the '90s. Some things they have found include bronze treasures and Jade picks. The jades that imitate animals are extremely exquisite and vividly delicate. They nearly include all the species frequently seen at North Temperate Zone. The iron sword with a Jade-handle and bronze-heart is well known all around the world because it demonstrates a 200-year-old form of iron smelting. It has been nicknamed "the first sword of china."

Jade had a close relationship with necromancy beliefs, taste concepts, hierarchical systems, and ethics in ancient China. It was a symbol for the civilization of the Guo State and was widely used in various ceremonies. There are more than 3,000 pieces of jade unearthed in this tomb. All of the pieces were in excellent quality and showed exquisite craftsmanship.

Chariots Rattling and Horses Neighing-The display for the sites of its huge army array
This exhibit displays the chariot pits of the emperor of the Guo State, the wife of the emperor and the prince. The three chariot pits are displayed from south to north according to the army lines. This was the first time people buried the chariot pits together with their owners. They are the first and largest chariot pits. %%@af$ko&we*403

tags:China travel service

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