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History and religion for Dongba Kingdom

Lijiang affordable China tours has always been a beautiful place of peace and auspiciousness. Many different religions, such as the Naxi people's Dongba religion, Tibetan Buddhism and the Bon Religion of the Tibetan people, as well as Catholicism spread here by Western missionaries, peacefully co-exist in the region.


Over 1,000 years ago, the Naxi people, a branch of the ancient nomadic Qiang people who originated in Northwest China, settled along the banks of the Jinsha River Yangtze River tour in the Hengduan Mountains of Southwest China.

In the long process of development, the Naxi people created mysterious hieroglyphs which recorded objects in nature and the way that people lived. Such hieroglyphs have been recognized as a "living fossil" among the whole world's written languages.Although 10 centuries have lapsed, the fascinating hieroglyphs have been well preserved and are still revered by the Dongba shamans in their religious ceremonies.

In the Naxi language Public China Holidays, which is soft and musical, "Dongba" means "sage who can make divination and chant scriptures." In fact, the Dongba shamans are learned scholars in many fields: ancient sorcery, medicine, arts and crafts, history and literature. Throughout history, the Dongba shamans have been vital in carrying on the cultural lineage of the Naxi people.

Although many Dongba shamans' skills were cultivated by their fathers, any young man interested in the practice could also become an apprentice and gain local people's recognition through years of hard work. One of the basic tasks that a novice must accomplish before he could become a Dongba shaman is mastering the skill of writing the Dongba scriptures, which are written entirely in hieroglyphs.

With a bamboo pencil, special ink and a kind of brown paper made through a complicated process, the Dongba shamans paint the hieroglyphs for different scriptures.

The Dongba scriptures are like an encyclopedia of Naxi history and culture, as they record everything from details of religious ceremonies to legends of the world's beginning, production and life of the society, geology and astronomy, animals and plants, as well as the fundamental belief that humans should co-exist with nature in peace. In 2003, Ancient Naxi Dongba Literature Manuscripts were included in the World Memory Heritage List by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.Before modern medicine and mass media reached the Naxi people, locals relied on the Dongbas to hold various rituals with goals ranging from grave matters such as paying tribute to Heaven and Earth to trivialities like treating an ailment.

Dongba Religion China travel service can be seen as a primitive polytheism which worships everything in nature. Although Dongba Religion was widely practised, somehow it never developed into strict organizations in temples as did Tibetan Buddhism, which has many branches and grand monasteries.

04:49 Publié dans Voyage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)


Travel Guide - Glacier Park Cableway of Jade Dragon Snow Mountain

Going west for about 5 kilometers from the Snowflake Villa China tour deals in the Sweet Sea Meadow, you will reach the bottom station of the snow mountain, which is the start of the Great Cable Way of the snow mountain. You will densely forest at an altitude of 3,356 meters. The cable way starts from here, ends at the top station which is at the bottom of Sanzidou(Fan) Peak, 4,506 meters above sea level. The whole cable way is 2,914 meters long, and the vertical difference in height is 1,150 meters. It is the highest passenger cable in China.

The cable way has been installed with full-sealed hanging aluminum box, which has 6 seats in it. It’s very comfortable. It only takes you half an hour to go from the immense forest at the bottom station to the expanse of white snow of the top station, but you will experience the climate of four seasons. You will be excited about the strong changes of the seasons, the big differences between hotness and coldness, and the great changes of the sceneries.

There are complete vertical natural sceneries of subtropical, temperate and frigid zones, and you experience all of them in a short time Public China Holidays. If you take open cable way, you will fully enjoy the vertical distribution of the plants in the snow mountain. Starting from the 3,000 altitude meadow, the cable would take you go through the forests of pines and firs. With the rising of the cable, the forests became gradually far away and large shrubbery appeared, and also bushes of azaleas. Reaching to the height of over 4,000 meters above sea level, you could only see some bryophytes adhered to the rocks. Then at last, large expanses of white snow would come into your eyes.

When you go out of the top station houses, you get to the Glacier Park of the Yulong Snow Mountain Student tours to China. Yulong Snow Mountain is a mountain with the lowest altitude and distributed with modern glacier in European and Asian Great Continent. On its east side, there are ancient glacier functioned relics from the Pleistocene Epoch, distributed in an area with a length of 15-16 kilometers from the south to the north, and a width of 4-5 kilometers from the east to the west. In such a region very close to the city, there are ancient glacier relics and a modern glacier, not large but with various kinds of types, which concentrated the major essence of middle and low altitude mountain glacier in the world. This is very rare in China. It plays a significant role in studies on glaciers, scientific investigation, protection on ecosystem and environment, and tourism.

In the waist of the Yulong Snow Mountain, there are 19 modern glaciers at the region between the altitudes of 4,000 and 4,200 meters. The total area amounts to 11.61 square kilometers. Among them 15 are on the east side while 4 are on the west. Types of the modern glacier in Yulong Snow Mountain can be divided into the following: mountain valley glacier, cirque glacier, hanging glacier and cirque valley glacier, cirque hanging glacier, from which the former ones transformed.

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08:53 Publié dans Voyage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)


A little history of Nuohei Stony Village of Shilin County

Nuohei village was established in the 21st year (1816) of Jiaqing Reign of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), and it was once a pass for horse caravans from Luxi to Kunming affordable China tours. In the 1920s when China was in the time of war lords, Nuohei villagers constructed stone walls, four gates, and five blockhouses around the village to fight against rampant bandits.

Some old villagers say that near the entrance to the Mizhi holy forest, there used to be two steles engraved with the history of the village, but unfortunately destroyed during the Cultural Revolution.

In July 2009, The 16th Congress of the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences was convened in Kunming What & Where to buy in China, and some 130 attending experts took an investigation tour to the village.

The festival of men

95% of the Nuohei villagers are Sani ethnic members. In each lunar November, they spend the Mizhi festival which is only attended by men.

Mizhi festival of the Sani people usually lasts three to seven days. The date differs: for the Sani, Black, and Ahwu branches of the Yi people who live around the Stone Forest, it is normally spent on lunar 2 February; but lunar October or November for the Yi people who live in the mountainous areas.

In the hearts of the Sani people, Mizhi forest, also called "sacred forest", is the holy place where any living being is inviolable.

When the Mizhi festival is due, all the men of a Sani ethnic village will rally to select the Mizhiweng or the head responsible for presiding over the festival, and to pick out eligible men to take part in the sacrifice offering ceremony for the Mizhi God. Women are required to stay indoors during the festival.

What is needed for the ceremony is a white goat (sheep), a white rooster and a white pig; and when the day comes, the Mizhiweng will set assignments for all the participants.

Abiding by the conventions passed down for a long time, the Bimo (Yi ethnic priest) will be accompanied by some eligible men to access to the Mizhi Forest and find the holy Mizhi Tree. They will piteously lift the Mizhi God--which is enshrined every year under the Tree--into the basket cushioned with pine needles. After the ceremony is carried out in the forest, the Mizhi God will be taken to the home of the priest to be "bathed" and redressed, and taken back to the forest next day.

During the seven-day festival Holidays in China, the priest will lead all the men to tour in the village, speaking aloud in order to blame misbehaviours in the village.

The Mizhi God is believed to live in the holy Mizhi Forest, safeguarding the Sani people, though there circulates different versions of folklores for the festival.

Travel tips
(1)-Nuohei village is 4 km west of local council of Kuishan Town; 30 km from Shilin county seat; 25 km from the Stone Forest;
(2)-You can contact local travel services in Kunming to organise tours to the Stone Forest and Nuohei Village.

tags: China trips