topblog Ivoire blogs

09/04/2015

Pay a visit to Nantong Textile Museum

The Nantong Fabric Art gallery China tour deals, situated at Nantong City of Jiangsu Region, is the first special museum of textile in China suppliers. Nantong, the platform of the contemporary nationwide industry of pure cotton rotating and weaving and one of the birthplaces of technological knowledge of rotating and weaving, was a well-known area of hand-woven fabric a century ago. The museum was finished and started out to the public in Oct 1985.

The museum, protecting a total area of 18,000 rectangle metres with the floor area of 4,500 rectangle metres, is consisting of two parts China Educational tours, the primary developing and the reliable developing. The primary developing includes six display places, a store for displays and workplaces. The structures are in the style of China nationwide places. The places are divided from each other with courtyards but signed up with together with passageways and passages. The courtyards are designed with paintings, statues, blossoms and plants, and rockeries so that visitors can have a feeling of traveling around a garden. In the reliable developing, designs are used to recover the traditional features of pure cotton growing, manufacturing of hand-woven fabric, professional dealings and contemporary textile classes at the end of the Ming Empire (1644-1911) and the beginning of the Republic of China suppliers.

Most of the traditional artifacts and traditional data gathered in the museum are local ones. Relatively discussing, the ceramic rotating rim uncovered at Qingdun of Hai'an, the review of Zhang Jian's success of successful the headline of Zhuangyuan (conferred to the one who came first in the biggest imperial examination) in 1894, and the stock stocks, account guides, business represents and items of the initial phase of Dasheng Fabric Work are more valuable. The examples of the contemporary fabrics are the items of the textile generators all over China suppliers that have won the silver or silver honor. The basic events of the museum are the Best Textiles of China suppliers, the History of Fabric in Nantong and the Types of Contemporary Excellent Textiles.%%@af$ko&we*409

More at ChinaTour.com like Tibet Tours

03:51 Publié dans Blog | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)

14/03/2013

The Ruins of Jiaohe Ancient City on Silk Road

The Ruins of Jiaohe Ancient City are situated in the Yaernaizi Valley, 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) west of Turpan in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and a destination of Silk Road adventure The Ancient City of Jiaohe (Yarkhoto) was built with rammed earth and bricks 2300 years ago. The city, situated along the Silk Road, was of great military significance and played an important role in the economic communication between Western and Eastern countries.

Jiaohe means "intersecting rivers" and the ruins are located on top of a 30 meter (98ft) cliff carved out by 2 long dried up rivers. The landform of the Jiaohe Ruins is narrow and long, and from northwest to southeast, it is 1,760 meters long. With a maximum width of 300 meters, The Jiaohe Ruins occupies a total area of 430,000 square meters, of which 360,000 square meters are construction areas.

In the Western Han Dynasty , this city served as the capital of “Anterior State of Cheshi”, one of the 36 kingdoms in the West Region. During the Tang Dynasty , the government of the Tang Dynasty established Jiaohe County here that was under the jurisdiction of West Prefecture of the Tang Dynasty. “Anxi Frontier Command” , the highest military and administrative organ established by the Tang Dynasty in the West Region, once was set here, and later it was moved to Qiuci (modern Kuqa County). In the sixth century the Qu ruling house established the Prefecture of Jiaohe here. It was eventually incorporated into the Uighur empire in the 9th century BC. The city was at its cultural peak under the Uighurs, but Mongol rebellions led to its demise and by the Yuan dynasty (1280-1368AD) Jiaohe was deserted.

After having experienced all kinds of changes and erosion by wind and rains for more than 2,000 years, the main structure of the architecture layout of the Jiaohe Ruins is still well preserved till the present day, which is really a miracle. This is mainly due to the dry weather in the Turpan region. The current scale of the Jiaohe Ruins is mainly the architecture of the Tang Dynasty and architectures are mainly located in the area of about 1,000 meters in the southeast part of the platform.

The Ancient City of Jiaohe which has made some contribution to China tourism is the biggest and the most ancient in the world, and it is also the best kept clay soil building city. The city has no walls and is protected by the natural fortification of the precipitous cliffs. The castle was like a bulwark with strong defense. People outside the wall of the castle could not learn information inside the castle, but people inside the castle had a command position over people outside the castle.

Distinct Features

Jiaohe distinguishes itself from other ancient cities owing to three features. First, it had only two city gates, the South and East Gates. The main South Gate vanished long ago, leaving a huge breach. The East Gate cut by the cliff was virtually non-existent. Second, the city faces cliffs on three sides, so there are no city walls commonly seen in other ancient cities. Third, all the buildings were dug from earth, and wood was rarely used.

Layout

The architecture layout of the Jiaohe Ruins comprises three parts: one south-north central road running through the city divided the town into two parts. At the northern end of the road there was a temple with a magnificent scale and the construction area in the temple area was about 90,000 square meters. The architectures were mainly rectangular-shaped courtyards, with their doors facing the central road. The plain arrangement of each of the courtyards indicates it was a temple, and the square earthen pole in the main room, which might by an altar or pagoda pole, proves this. In the southeastern section of the east part was a large residential area, with construction space of about 78,000 square meters; the northern part was a small-scale residential area while the middle part was the sites of The Ruins of Jiaohe Ancient Citygovernment and military organizations. Majority of the west part was residential area and in addition, there were also handicraft workshops. At the two sides of the central road were high and thick street walls with no windows. The south-north and east-west streets and lanes divided the town into a number of small areas, which were typical arrangements of ancient towns in China.

Location: West of the city of Turpan
Admission Fee: CNY 40
Opening Hours: 9:00 to 18:00

But Jiaohe Ancient Town is not right for China business tours.

10:53 Publié dans Blog | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)

20/02/2013

Origin of Chinese Characters

Different from Western characters, Chinese characters are square and indicate either pronunciation or meaning or both. Chinese characters provide a convenient tool for imagery thinking. If you want to learn more knowledge of Chinese characters when you travel to China, you should read the following before your journey.

With language, ancient humans began accumulating knowledge through which human culture came forth. With characters, they recorded the language and communicated with each other, which distinguished man from animals. It is characters that drew a line between the primitive and civilized periods of human society.

There are various sayings in ancient Chinese documents concerning the origin of Chinese characters, such as "tie knots," the "Eight Diagrams," "picture," and "carved characters," among others. The legendary story about Cang Jie creating characters is generally recorded in ancient books. According to ancient records, Chinese characters were created by Cang Jie, a history officer of the legendary Yellow Emperor.

Huainanzi (Masters in the Kingdom of Huainan) says that it was because of the characters Cang Jie made that the Heaven rained grains and ghosts cried at night. Xun Zi and Shi Jing (The Book of Odes) and other ancient books also record the legend of Cang Jie creating Chinese characters. By the Qin (221-206BC) and Han (206BC-220AD) dynasties, the legend had become more widespread and had more far-reaching influence.

Historians in the past once tried to prove whether there was a person named Cang Jie in history, and if he did exist, when he lived, but they failed to draw a conclusion due to lack of irrefutable proof.

Some people guessed that Cang Jie was the historiographer of the Yellow Emperor. Xunzi thought Cang Jie must have been a prehistoric wise man who sorted out and standardized the characters that had already been in use.

Evidently the legend of Cang Jie cannot be accepted as the truth, for any script can only be a creation developed by people to meet the needs of social life over a long period of trial and experiment. Chinese characters are a huge and complicated system, and they could only have come into being after a long period of creation and development.

According to modern researchers, the ancestors of the Chinese people tied knots in rope to record events. Later, they adopted sharp weapons to inscribe signs, and developed the earliest form of Chinese characters. Archeologists have found inscribed signs on Neolithic pottery shards in Banpo Village in Shaanxi Province which are hot for tourists to learn the ancient Chinese history and always contained in China tour deals. These signs, dating back to some 6,000 years ago, were possibly the seeds of later Chinese characters.

Inscribed signs, a little younger than those found in Banpo Village, were also found on pottery along the lower reaches of the Yellow River. There, archeologists found a sign with shapes of the moon and a five-peak mountain underneath a circle. Experts in ancient characters say the pictograph symbolizes the interval in which the moon disappears and the sun rises. Mythology researchers have another interpretation. Their understanding is that the moon shape symbolizes the red clouds as the sun rises, and thus the picture portrays a sunrise over the sea.

Most of the signs inscribed on pottery were painted red, creating an imposing and mysterious impression. The hypothesis is that pictographs were used in sacrificial rituals dedicated to the sunrise or as prayers for good harvests. They were inscribed in an orderly way, and the strokes are full of strength. Similar signs and designs have been found in other regions in China, indicating they had become generally recognized. These are the earliest symbols, or pictographs, in China and are more than 5,000 years old.

In Qinghai Province in western China, pottery objects of approximately the same period and inscribed with images of birds, insects and animals have been unearthed. These, too, are regarded as pictographs. According to philologist Tang Lan, Chinese characters originated from pictures; the older the characters, the more they look like pictures. Since pictures have no fixed forms, the ancient Chinese characters were generally free in form.

Xu Shen, a philologist of the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD), divided Chinese characters into six categories. Modern scholars have since reduced them to three types, of which the pictographic character is one. The picture signs are the embryos of both calligraphy and painting, which gave rise to the Chinese saying that calligraphy and painting have the same origin. At first, the pictographic characters differed from region to region. As time went by, however, they become more standardized, abstract and united, and the earliest Chinese written language, Jiaguwen (shell and bone writing) appeared.

It is said that Cangjie created Chinese characters. When you plan a China custom tour in Shangluo City, Shaanxi Province, you can find a statue of Cangjie.

11:11 Publié dans Blog | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)