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28/08/2014

Travel Guide - Fubo Hill

Fubo Hill (Wave Subduing Hill) is on the west bank of the Li River. Partially submerged in the river Yangtze River tour and partially above ground; it is 213 meters above sea level and 62 meters above ground. Measuring 120 meters long and 60 meters wide, it covers an area of 0.7ha. It was named for General Fubo of the Tang Dynasty who built Mayuan Temple on the hill. Because of its location and height, Fubo Hill can tame the waves, stopping the surging waters which then form whirlpools. Attractions include Pearl-Returning Cave, One-Thousand-Buddhas Cave, Sword Testing Stone, Listening-to-the-Waves Pavilion and One-Thousand-Persons Pot and Big Iron Clock.

The Pearl-Returning Cave
Located inside the hill. Legend has it that an old fisherman offended the Sea Dragon King when he picked up a pearl in the cave. The King brought misery to the land by creating strong winds and hugh waves. Later, a feudal official ordered the fisherman to return the pearl and peace returned. Inside the cave, there are many precious art works. There is a stalactite stone column close to the river, thick at the top and slim at the bottom, nearly touching the ground with barely an inch of space in between. It is said that General Fubo tested his sword here and left that space; hence its name Sword Testing Stone China Photo Tour.

Listening-to-the-Waves Pavilion
Built in 1964, Listening-to-the-Waves Pavilion is a two-story building erected against the cliff of the Fubo Hill. The total area is 106 square meters. The Pavilion has glazed yellow tile roofs and a large balcony perfect for viewing the sceneries around it.

One-Thousand-Buddhas Cave
Stone steps wind their way from the Sword Testing Stone to the One-Thousand-Buddhas Cave China travel deals. In fact there are only 139 Buddha images, together with 400 more that are incomplete. The cave and its carvings are important indications of people's devotion to Buddhism in the Tang Dynasty. The most valuable relics inside the cave are the self-portraits of Mipei carved on the rock wall. The lifelike portrait is 1.2 meters tall. Mipei was the first person to draw pictures of Guilin's hills and water. He came to Guilin in 1074 and painted a picture of the hills in Yangshuo.

Big Iron Clock
After entering the gate of Fubo Hills Park, the first sight is the Big Iron Clock which weighs 5,000kg.

One-Thousand-Persons Pot
Located in a cloister along the Li River. It is said that this pot can be used to cook for one thousand people. This huge iron article was originally in the Dingyue Temple but later moved here to protect it from being destroyed during the war. Together with the Big Iron Clock, these two items have a history of more than 300 years but are still well preserved. The designs and inscriptions can be made out easily.

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04:54 Publié dans Voyage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)

27/08/2014

Travel Experience to Zhenshan Ethnic Village

The village was first built during the Ming Dynasty, with a history of more than 400 years. Three sides of the village last minute China travel deals are surrounded by water. It is built against the mountains according to the local geological conditions. An ancient castle and barracks have remained largely intact in the village. Three fourths of the residents there are of Buyi nationality and the remaining are mostly of Miao nationality. There are about 120 households and three fouths of them are of Buyi nationality and one fourth of them are Miao people.

If we consider the Qiang village a defensive castle, the Buyei village is relatively less aggregated. In the mountains of southern Guizhou, it produces very good Shale stone material, a type of sedimentary rock. Buyei people take advantage of this and build stone sheet houses with a very unique style.

Zhen Shan Village is a village of stone, where door frames, paths, roads and even quite a few utensils are all made of stone, and roofs are covered with slate.

These stone sheet houses China Photography Tours use stone bricks to build the wall. It can be 5-6 meters high. Then the roof is covered by shale stone sheet. In short, with the exception of wooden purlin, rafter, all the others are made of stone, including the household stuff such as tables, stools, stoves, etc.

These houses keep wind, rain and snow outside. They are cool in summer and warm in winter. Moisture proof and fire proof. The only catch is that lighting is poor.

On Juanuary the 10th every lunar year, the villagers hold the traditional dancing activities to celebrate the New Year. Buyi and Miao villagers in their best costumes sing and dance to the melodies from the Lusheng and the bamboo flutes to celebrate their own traditional festival. Legends said that long long ago, once some bandits captured the Buyi forefather in the village. The villagers failed to rescue him by themselves and they asked the local Miao people for help. The Miaos played the Lusheng and sang Miao songs to communicate with him and the bandits could not understand. With the help of the Miaos, the forefather was rescued. From then on, the local Buyi have formed the custom of singing and dancing to appreciate the help from the Miao. Local people sing and dance on for 3 days for the festival each year. Besides this, Zhenshan Villagers also celebrate the traditional "Siyueba (April 8)" Festival and the "Qiyueban (July15)" Festival Holidays in China. Now, these festivals have become joyous days celebrated by Miao, Buyi, Dong, Zhuang, Shui, Gelao, or even the Han people.

In Zhenshan, young people take advantage of the chance to make friends and choose their loved future spouses through dancing and singing. Embroider is another important part of the folk custom, with rich contents of flowers, birds, insects and fish. Girls usually make embroiders of special styles and present it as a gift to their lovers.

Tip:

There is a great variety of delicious dishes which travelers can try at Zhenshan, among which the most popular ones include bacon,smoked bean curd are very popular. Fish dishes are fresh as the fish they use has been just pulled out from water. Other dishes like dried peppers and pickled vegetable soup are worth trying.

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04:17 Publié dans Voyage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)

26/08/2014

Travel Guide - Life Style of Ewenki ethnic minority

The Ewenkis China tour deals are an honest, warm-hearted and hospitable people. Guests in the pastoral areas are often treated to tobacco, milk tea and stewed meat by the Ewenki hosts. Such delicacies as reindeer meat, venison, elk-nose meat sausages are generously offered in the hunting areas. /When Ewenki hunters go out on long hunting trips, they leave whatever they cannot take along -- foodstuffs, clothing and tools in unlocked stores in the forests. Other hunters who are in want, may help themselves to the things stored without the permission of their owners. The things borrowed would be returned to the store owners when the hunters happen to meet them at any time in future.

Monogamy is generally practiced. In old days exogamy was strictly observed. Members of the same clan were not permitted to marry one another, and those going against this unwritten law would be punished.

An Ewenki wedding is an occasion for dancing and merry-making. All Ewenki folk dances are simple and unconstrained. The dancers' foot movements, executed in a forceful and vigorous style and highly rhythmic, are characteristic of the honest, courage and optimistic traits of this ethnic minority.

Myths, fables, ballads and riddles form their oral literature. Embroidery, carving and painting are among the traditional lines of modeling arts as commonly seen on utensils decorated with various floral designs. An adept hand is also shown by the Ewenkis at birch bark carving and cutting in producing all kinds of fancy beasts and animals as toys for children.

Most Ewenkis China Photography Tours are animists while those in the pastoral areas are followers of the Lamaist faith. A few living in the Chenbaerhu area are believers of the Eastern Orthodox Church.

While believing in animism, Ewenkis also worship their dead ancestors, and lingering influences of bear worship is still found among Ewenki hunters. After killing a bear, the Ewenkis would conduct a series of rituals at which the bear's head, bones and entrails are bundled in birch bark or dry grass and hung on a tree to give the beast a "wind burial." The hunters weep and kowtow while making offerings of tobacco to the dead animal. In the Chenbaerhu area every clan has its own totem -- a swan or a duck -- as an object of veneration. People would toss milk into the air upon seeing a real swan or duck flying overhead. No killing of these birds is permitted.

Wind burial was originally given to the dead. But it has now been replaced by burial in the ground, thanks to the influence of other ethnic groups living nearby, then and now.

Dispersed to live in different places and with many Ewenkis dragged into the army by the Qing rulers, the Ewenki ethnic group was threatened by extinction. Of a total number of 1,700 Ewenki troops sent to suppress a peasant army of other nationalities that rose against the Qing government in 1695, only some 300 survived the fighting. Following their occupation of northeast China in 1931, the Japanese imperialists not only intensified their exploitation of Ewenki people but drafted many of them into the Japanese army. They lured Ewenkis into the habit of opium-smoking and used some of them for bacteria experiments. All this, coupled with the spread of smallpox, typhoid fever and venereal diseases, brought about a sharp population decline. For example, there were upwards of 3,000 Ewenkis living along the Huihe River in 1931, but less than 1,000 remained in 1945.

Things took a turn for the better for this ethnic minority after the Japanese surrender in 1945. Two years later democratic reforms were carried out in both the pastoral and farming areas. As for Ewenki hunters roving in the forests, efforts were made to help them develop production and raise their cultural level. With the setting of cooperatives, these hunters, who were then at the transitional stage from primitivity to a class society, leap to socialism. Socialist reforms in most of the Ewenki area were completed towards the end of 1958.

The Ewenki Autonomous Banner was established on August 1, 1958, in the Hulun Beir League (Prefecture). Five Ewenki townships and an Ewenki district were set up later. A large number of Ewenkis were trained for administrative work.

A series of measures, including the introduction of fine breeds of cattle, the opening of fodder farms China travel video, improved veterinary services, building permanent housing for roving nomads and the use of machinery, have been taken to boost livestock production in the Ewenki Autonomous Banner. In the forested areas, Ewenki hunters, who used to be on the move after their game, now live in permanent homes. They still hunt, but they have also gone in for other occupations.

In the old days almost all the Ewenkis were illiterate. Today more than 90 per cent of all school-age children are at school. Some Ewenkis have been enrolled in the Central Nationalities Institute in Beijing, Inner Mongolia University in Hohhot and other institutions of higher learning.

With improved health care, TB, VD and other diseases that used to plague the Ewenki people have been put under control. Hospitals, maternity and child care centers, TB and VD prevention clinics are now at the service of the Ewenkis who knew no modern medical care formerly. As a result the population in the banner, which had dwindled for a century or more, has increased by many folds in the past four decades. The Ewenki ethnic group which was dying out is freed from the threat of extinction.

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05:02 Publié dans Voyage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)