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02/04/2014

Travel Guide - Beijing Police Museum

The Beijing Police Museum is located at No. 36, Dongjiaomin Lane, Dongcheng District of Beijing last minute China travel deals, and it was built in a western style by the Beijing Public Security Bureau. The museum displays in many angles the difficult and complicated course that Beijing polices have gone through, as well as the great contributions that they have made in protecting the people's safety and fight against crimes since China's opening up and reforming.

Covering an area of 2,000 square meters, the museum holds more than 7,000 collection pieces concerning the police which range from the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) to the present day. The artifacts are mainly exhibited in the form of material objects, assisted by pictures, text descriptions, and models. In addition, the museum is well equipped with high-tech enhancements, giving prominence to the characteristics of modern Beijing police. Many entertainment activities can be found including simulated firing training and fire-fighting exercises. Today, the museum is a window for visitors who wish to learn more about Beijing’s polices and their functions, forming an intimate connection between the police and the common people as well as serving as a patriotic and moral education base for young people.

Overall, the Beijing Police Museum China best tours is composed of 4 exhibit halls, namely the Beijing Police History Hall on the first floor, the Criminal Investigation Hall on the second floor, the Police Classification and Function Hall on the third floor, and the Police Equipment Hall on the fourth floor.

1.1 The Beijing Police History Hall
This hall chronologically recalls Beijing polices' glorious history of protecting leading members of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the capital city. The Police Spirit Column stands in the middle of the hall at 6 meters tall and 1.8 meters wide; it is decorated by 5 shields and 2 swords on the body, and features an olive branch and a dove on the top, expressing the idea that the people's polices are vital pillars for protecting national security and social stability.

1.2 The Criminal Investigation Hall
A number of criminal investigation equipments are showcased in this hall popular China travel package, including a lie detector, fingerprint recognition instruments, and microscopes. Visitors can spend time getting to know the establishment process of Chinese modern police system.

1.3 The Police Classification and Function Hall
The standout Hero and Martyr Memorial Wall in this hall is made of red sandstones and measures 8 meters tall by 18 meters wide. Carved on its surface are relief sculptures of a group of polices, symbolizing the immortal spirit of the Chinese police.

1.4 The Police Equipment Hall
Different kinds of guns and police uniforms from different periods are exhibited, as well as an armored car which is fully equipped with 9 electronic emitters on its roof and 2 openings for shooting on each side. The police uniforms include elements such as protective masks, puncture-proof footwear, and blast-proof vests.

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08:33 Publié dans Voyage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)

01/04/2014

Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum in Nanjing: One of the Largest Imperial Mausoleums in China

Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum lies in the eastern suburbs of Nanjing City at the southern foot of Purple Mountain (Zhongshan) in Nanjing City affordable China travel packages, Jiangsu Province, with Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum on the east and Plum Blossom Mountain on the south. Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum is a multi-burial tomb of the founder of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang(1328-1398)and his Empress with a surname of Ma. The posthumous title of Empress was Xiao Ci (filial piety and kindness). Deriving from her title, the mausoleum was named Xiao Ling. Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum is famous for its unique design, its eminent status, its amazing beauty and its magnificent scale, and it is one of the largest imperial mausoleums in China. Although today only parts of the tomb remain, the tomb is still magnificent.

Dated back over 600 years, the tomb’s construction started in 1381 and took 25 year to complete. Its site and structure were chosen by Zhu Yuanzhang himself. The structure of the mausoleum adopted the style of the mausoleums of the Tang and Song Dynasties. Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang made great reforms of the imperial tombs system. He changed the hillock above the ground from the previous traditional style to a rounded shape, canceled the bedroom palace, and expanded the building for offering sacrifice, thus initiating the imperial tomb style of the Ming and Qing dynasties.

Covers an area of 2,970 hectares, the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum consists of Sacred Way area which starts from the Dismounting Archway and ends at the Gate of the Civil and the Military, and the main body of the mausoleum which includes the Gate of the Civil and the Military, Imperial Tablet Hall, Xiaoling Hall, the Square City, Soul Tower, and Precious Dome (the actual burial site).

At the entrance to the mausoleum, you will see the Dismounting Archway. As a gesture of deep respect, people would get off the horses and sedans at this point in ancient times. Hundreds of steps to the northwest of the archway is the Great Golden Gate, where the imperial wall of the tomb area starts and extends as long as 22.5 kilometers. To the north of the gate is the Tablet Pavilion, commonly called the Sifangcheng, in which is a 8.87 meter-high tablet, called the Tablet of Godly Merit and Saintly Virtue of Xiaoling Mausoleum top 10 China tour packages in Grand Ming Empire. With 2,746 characters, it was erected in 1413 by Zhu Di (the fourth son of Zhu Yuanzhang) for his father Zhu Yuanzhang in memory of his great achievements.

The famous Sacred Way that leads to the mausoleum begins at the Sifangcheng. It is a winding path stretching 1,800 metres and flanked by stone animals and figures. Halfway along the Sacred Way, there are twelve pairs of animals: lions, unicorns, griffins, camels, elephants and horses, winding and extending to more than 0.5 km to guard the tomb. Further ahead there is a pair of decorative columns called Wangzhu in Chinese, and four pairs of huge stone statues, two civil and two military, who have been standing there for centuries to accompany their master who lies beneath.

The Sacred Way is extraordinarily beautiful in the autumn, when the leaves of the arching trees turn golden yellow and the ancient gray statues are dotted with fallen leaves. Lingxing Gate is located at the end of the Sacred Way. Continuing north, you will reach the main body of the mausoleum.

The Gate of the Civil and the Military is the main gate of the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum. Behind the gate, the first hall you will see is the Imperial Tablet Hall. The hall has 5 valuable steles standing.

Behind the Imperial Tablet Hall is the Xiang Palace (Xiangdian), which was originally called Xiaoling Hall and was the main structure of the mausoleum. It was rebuilt in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) and was smaller in size than the original. Figures of Emperor Zhu and Empress Ma are hanging inside on the wall.

Crossing the bridge behind the Xiaoling Hall, you will see the Square City (Fangcheng) and forested mounded Precious Dome also called Precious City (Baocheng popular China tour package). The Square City is a castle-like building, about 75 meters wide, 31 meters long and 16 meters high. The base of the Square City is shaped like Buddha’s seat with an arched passageway in the middle leading directly to the front wall of Precious Dome. The Soul Tower on top of the Square City, built of huge flagstones, is the highest building in the mausoleum compound. Its roof has been destroyed leaving only the four walls. Behind the Soul Tower stands the Precious Dome which is a round earthen hillock. There are high walls built of flagstones around the Precious Dome as the base, with bricks as the body of the wall. The clay vault, which is 325-400 metres in diameter, is where the emperor and his queen were buried. The underground tomb zone is absolutely well preserved.

Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum is the first imperial tomb of the Ming dynasty and the only Ming Tomb located outside Beijing. Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum is also the milestone in the historical development of Chinese imperial mausoleums and deeply influenced the mausoleum architecture for more than 500 years. Its layout was followed by the thirteen Ming tombs in Beijing. In 2003, Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum, together with the Ming Tombs in Beijing, was listed as a site of World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.

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04:13 Publié dans Voyage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)

28/03/2014

Silk Road: the Most Well-Known Trading Route of Ancient Chinese Civilization

More than 2,000 years ago, Chinese and foreign business people left from the ancient city Chang’an (today’s Xi’an Xian travel guide) and sent large numbers of Chinese silk to central and western Asia and countries along the eastern Mediterranean, creating a famous route which crisscrosses the European and Asian Continent with a total length of more than 7,000 kilometers. Later, it was named the “Silk Road” by Ferdinand von Richthofen, an eminent German geographer.

The Silk Road gets its name from Chinese silk trade, a major reason for the connection of trade routes into an extensive transcontinental network. China is the earliest country of sericiculture and filature. From the 138 BC to 119 BC, Zhang Qian, an imperial envoy of West Han Dynasty, opened up this ancient route. He led a delegation with silk and gold to reach the areas in Xinjiang, including Loulan, Kashgar, Hetian and Valley of Yili River, etc. His vice-envoy also reached Iran and India. The countries in these areas also sent envoys to China. The technologies of papermaking and printing, Great Inventions of Ancient China, were introduced into Arabian countries along the Silk Road . In fact, Buddhism spread to China from India because of trade along the Silk Road, similar to the way Islam spread along trans-Saharan routes in medieval West Africa.

The Silk Road, connecting ancient Chinese culture, Indian culture, Persian culture, Arab culture, ancient Greek culture and culture of ancient Rome, has played an important role in promoting east-west cultural exchanges and in enhancing China’s exchanges and friendships with foreign countries. The Silk Road has become one of the most famous tourist route.

The Silk Road stretches more than 4,000 kilometers within China, mainly passing through Shaanxi and Gansu provinces and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Silk Road tour. Along the Silk Road, there is a vast land teeming with cultural relics and historical sites, as well as enchanting natural landscapes and strong and colorful national flavor.

Xi’an, a starting point of the Silk Road, is a must place if you want to visit the Silk Road. It is the right place for the exchange and gathering of eastern and western cultures of all ages, and the place where innumerable historical sites and rare cultural relics were left. In the western suburbs of Xi’an is erected a group of large Silk Road camel sculptures. Stretching 51 meters long, the camels are carved out of red granite. They are the longest stone sculptures in China. More than 1,000 years ago this spot was the western gate of Chang’an, the capital of the Tang Dynasty. Historical records show that it was the starting point of the Silk Road. Whether camel merchant teams loaded with silks for faraway countries or Persian merchants, they all must pass here. Starting from here and going west along the Silk Road, you can see the ruins of Chang’an City of Han Dynasty, the Maoling Mausoleum, the Tomb of Concubine Yang, the Qianling Mausoleum, the Famen Temple affordable China tours, and other historical sites.

Out from the Shaanxi boundary and further to the west, the Silk Road crisscrosses the Hexi Corridor in Gansu Province and the Tarim Basin in Xinjiang. Along the road, you can visit the Jiayuguan Pass-the first pass at the west end of the Great Wall of China, the Mogao Caves or Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang (also known as Thousand Buddha Cave)-one of three noted grottoes in China and also the largest, best preserved and richest treasure house of Buddhist art in the world, the Ancient City of Gaochang- one of the best-preserved ruins of the ancient cities in China, the Heavenly Lake of Tian Shan (Tianchi)- an alpine drift lake shaped in the Quaternary Glacier period, and other famous scenic spots. You can enjoy ethnic groups’ unique customs and flavor in the western regions, as well as the enchanting scenery and vast grassland, desert and snow peaks.

Travel Tips:

There are large temperature difference between day and night in the northwest areas, such as Xinjiang and Gansu. You had better bring a spare coat or sweater with you.

At some tourist sites, such as Heavenly Lake, Nanshan Pasturage, and Mingsha Mountain (Singing-Sand Mountain), etc., you may need to ride horse and camel. So, a pair of proper shoes is quite important.

The temperature of northwest area is lower than the hinterland, and many areas are high in altitude. Remember to prepare some sunscreens and medicines.

Xinjiang is a minority region, with strong religious consciousness. The Muslim does not eat pork, which is the biggest taboo in their life. Do not bring or discuss the topic of pig, to avoid any misunderstanding.

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03:20 Publié dans Voyage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)