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02/01/2014

Must-see Monasteries in Lhasa City

Various monasteries in Lhasa City greatly reflected the particular Buddhism culture in Tibet. The architectures and collections of the monasteries add more charm and mystery to Lhasa. The monasteries also have become the must-go sites for tourists came to Lhasa China travel deals.

Monasteries in Lhasa City - Jokhang Monastery

Jokhang Monastery is located in the center of the ancient city of Lhasa. It was built in the seventh century by Songtsan Gambo, Princess Wencheng of Tang Dynasty and Nelpalese Princess Bhrikuti. Its four-storey main building demonstrates a combination of the Han, Tibetan, Indian and Nepalese architectural styles, as well as a mandala world outlook of Buddhism. With the Hall of Amitayus Sutra as its center, the monastery symbolizes the nuclear of the universe. The Hall of Sakyamuni is the essence of the monastery.

Monasteries in Lhasa City - Sera Monastery

Sera Monastery is located at the foot of Wuze Hill in Sera to the north of Lhasa. It is one of the three great monasteries in Lhasa and one of the six great monasteries of the Gelug Sect of Buddhism in Tibet. It was built by one of disciples of Zonggaba in 1419. On 27th of the 12th month according to the Tibetan calendar, the monastery holds the grand Sera Bungchen Festival, which attracts flocks of Buddhists and tourists.
Monasteries in Lhasa City - Drepung Monastery

Drepung Monastery is located on the slope of the Wuze Hill in Genbei, about five kilometers to the northwest of Lhasa. It was built in 1416. It is the largest among the monasteries of the Gelug Sect. It covers an area of 250,000 square meters. In its heyday, there were more than 10000 monks in the monastery. The monastery has trained a large group of talents for Tibetan Buddhism. The Fifth Dalai Lama lived here before he moved to the Potala Palace.

Drepung Monastery collected a plenty of historical and cultural relics and Buddhist classics. In the exciting Shoton Festival, "sunning the Buddha" held by the monastery has been one of the most magnificent religious activities in Tibet top 10 China tour packages.

Monasteries in Lhasa City - Klukang Monastery

Klukang Monastery is located in the northern part of Lhasa. It was built in the mid-seventh century. It was damaged and rebuilt several times. Klukang Monastery collected many murals and the statues of Sakyamuni, Maitreya and others. The main hall houses a gilded full-length statue of the eight-year-old Sakyamuni brought to Tibet by the Nepalese Princess Bhrikuti. The Tantric College of the Gelug Sect in Tibet is also located here.

Monasteries in Lhasa City - Gandain Monastery

Gandain Monastery popular China travel package is located in Dagze County, about 60 kilometers to the east of Lhasa. It is one of the three great monasteries in Lhasa and one of the six great monasteries of the Gelug Sect. Gandain means happiness and contentedness in Tibetan. Gandain Monastery was built in early 15th century under the supervision of Zonggaba, the founder of the Gelug Sect. The main building of the monastery is made up of the Coqen Hall, the Chamber of Zonggaba and the College of Yangbajain.

Monasteries in Lhasa City - Curpu Monastery

Curpu Monastery is located in Doilungdeqen County, 70 kilometers away from Lhasa. It was built in 1187. It is the main monastery of the Black Cap Group of the Karma Sect. The system of the succession to grant the Living Buddha was originated here and has become popular among various sects of the Tibetan Buddhism.

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04:00 Publié dans Voyage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)

31/12/2013

Get to know The History of Temple Fair in Ciqikou Ancient Town

The History of Temple Fair in Ciqikou – Brief Introduction

During the Chinese Spring Festival, temple fair holds in Ciqikou Ancient Town affordable China travel packages which is the busiest place of Chongqing municipality. During the Spring Festival of 2000, 2001 and 2002, the number of tourists coming here exceeded one million and the spectacular event was broadcast on CCTV at prime time in a succession of the three years.

The History of Temple Fair in Ciqikou - Origin

The early temple fair was a pious religious activity, which probably came into being in Eastern Han Dynasty and developed in North and South Dynasties. Then temple fair reached the most prosperous time in Tang Dynasty. At that time, Buddhism was just spread into China, while Taoism has been believed by ordinary people.

In order to advance quickly and improve the influence in public, the two religions often held some ceremonies to accept more believers. Sometimes, they would add some performances such as dancing, opera, martial arts or music to their activities. According to document record, there was a spectacular event on the Buddha's birthday in the capital of Northern Wei Dynasty (AD. 472-499). There were more than 1,000 statues of Buddha putting on the float and theatrical troupe walking behind the float. This kind of ceremony was considered as the origin of temple fair top 10 China tour packages.

The History of Temple Fair in Ciqikou – Content

At the same time, there were some organized celebration activities of worship held in the Buddhism temples or Taoism temples while the two religions held activities too. Therefore the temple fair was not only a place for religious sacrifices, but for entertainment. A large number of people gathered here, which brought about tremendous commercial opportunities. Later many shops and trade activities became a part of the temple fair so that temple fair is also called "Temple Market" popular China tour package.

The History of Temple Fair in Ciqikou – Development

Temple fair was held in different time and different place according to various folk customs such as different Buddha adoring.

The temple fair in Ciqikou Ancient Town in Chongqing Yangtze River tour traditionally held from the first day to the 15th day of the first month in lunar calendar. During the time of temple fair, Ciqikou Ancient Town would be the busiest place with a lot of people various amusements. Tourists can appreciate storytelling or Sichuan opera in teahouses or worship Buddha in Buddha temple. There are full of other Chinese traditional amusements such as taking sedan chairs and making the sugar shape (make different shapes with sugar for eating), and other performances like dragon playing and lion dancing. You won't miss it when you go to Ciqikou Ancient Town.

08:09 Publié dans Voyage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)

30/12/2013

China historical journey to Ramoche Temple

A Brief Introduction to Ramoche Temple

The Ramoche Temple is located 500 meters north from the Jokhang Temple China travel deals and in the northwest of the Tibetan capital-Lhasa. It is the key cultural relic protection unit of the Tibet Autonomous Region. The Ramoche Temple was built in the Tang Dynasty which was in the same period with the Jokhang Temple. It covers an area of 4,000 square meters.

Legend of the Ramoche Temple

As to the construction of the Ramoche Temple, there is a famous legend. It is said that when the Princess of the Tang Dynasty-Wencheng was about to marry Songsten Gampo in 641, she asked her father-the emperor Daizong of Tang Dynasty to send her a statue of the Sakyamuni as the dowry. Emperor Daizong agreed. So Princess Wencheng went to Tibet taking the statue of 12 years old Sakyamuni with her.

When she passed the site of today's Ramoche Temple, her wooden vehicle was stuck in the sandy land. Therefore, Princess Wencheng decided to enshrine the statue of this Sakyamuni in this place and then she built the Ramoche Temple.

History of the Ramoche Temple

In 641 A.D, the Princess Wencheng of Tang Dynasty in Chang'an (now Xian Silk Road tour) got married with Songsten Gampo-the leader of the Tubo Kingdom in Tibet. She brought a statue of the 12 years old Sakyamuni and some Han craftsmen with her. She missed her home in Chang'an very much and was at first not adaptive to the life in Tibet. So she ordered the craftsmen to build the Ramoche Temple in Han style. The temple faced east-the direction of her home Chang'an, thus expressing her homesickness. And the statue of the 12 years old Sakyamuni was enshrined in the Ramoche Temple.

Later, the leader of Tubo was concerned with rumors that Tang emperor was considering to invade Tibet. To protect the statue, Princess Wencheng hid the statue of the 12 years old Sakyamuni in a secret chamber of the Jokhang Temple.

In 712, after the Princess Jincheng of Tang Dynasty was married to another leader of the Tubo regime, she moved the statue of 12 years old Sakyamuni to the central hall of the Jokhang Temple. On the other hand, the statue of the 8 years old Sakyamuni-a small bronze statue brought to Tibet by the Nepalese princess-Bhrikuti, was enshrined in the Rachome Temple.

During the Mongol invasions, the Ramoche Temple was badly damaged by fire and the present building in the temple was actually constructed in 1474. Soon after that, the Ramoche Temple became the Assembly Hall of the Gyuto Tratsang or upper Tantric College of Lhasa and was home to 500 monks.

Attractions in the Ramoche Temple

The Ramoche Temple best tours of China went through several fires and has been restored many times. After the major restoration of 1986, the main building in the Ramoche Temple now has three stories.

The first story includes an atrium, a scripture hall, and a Buddha palace with winding corridors. On the right of the atrium is a room for restoring the musical instruments used in a Buddhist mass, and on the left of the atrium is a side hall. There are four columns with exquisite engravings of the pattern of lotus flowers, coiling cloud, dragons and lions in the middle of the atrium. Behind the atrium is the scripture hall which is three rooms wide and seven rooms long with 30 columns. In the hindmost of the first floor is the Buddha palace covering an area of 23.5 square meters with two columns. In this palace enshrined the statues and clay figures brought by the Nepalese princess-Bhrikuti.

The second floor is mainly residential with a patio. Behind the patio is a hall with an image of Buddha as King of the Nagas.

The third story of the Ramoche Temple contained the bedroom once reserved for Dalai Lama There are altogether 6 rooms on the third story for Dalai Lamas. Behind these rooms is the Jinding (golden roof) Palace with the gate facing the east, covering an area of 54.5 square meters. The Jinding (golden roof) Palace is with a typical Han-style roof and typical Tibetan-style murals and columns, reflecting the perfect combination of Han and Tibetan architectural styles.

Cultural Relics in the Ramoche Temple

Entering the main building, visitors can see the ten large fluted pillars holding some of the remaining Tibetan relics such as the encased lotus flowers, coiling cloud, jewelry, and particular Tibetan Characters. One of the precious relics is the a bronze Bodhisattva which is 1.32 meters high dressed with coronet, and its foundation is 0.68 meter high. Another bronze statue is a Padmasambhava with a height of 1.55 meters dressed in cassock, sitting on a lotus throne. Its foundation is 0.03 meter high and 0.14 meter wide. The bronze statue of a maid is also very famous with a height of 1.33 meters, holding a vase. Its foundation is 0.17 meter high in the shape of semi-circle. Of course, the most famous relic is the statue of the 8 years old Sakyamuni.

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08:05 Publié dans Voyage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0)